MLIR

Multi-Level IR Compiler Framework

Conversion to the LLVM Dialect

Conversion from the Standard to the LLVM Dialect can be performed by the specialized dialect conversion pass by running:

mlir-opt -convert-std-to-llvm <filename.mlir>

It performs type and operation conversions for a subset of operations from standard dialect (operations on scalars and vectors, control flow operations) as described in this document. We use the terminology defined by the LLVM IR Dialect description throughout this document.

Type Conversion

Scalar Types

Scalar types are converted to their LLVM counterparts if they exist. The following conversions are currently implemented:

  • i* converts to !llvm.i*
  • f16 converts to !llvm.half
  • f32 converts to !llvm.float
  • f64 converts to !llvm.double

Note: bf16 type is not supported by LLVM IR and cannot be converted.

Index Type

Index type is converted to a wrapped LLVM IR integer with bitwidth equal to the bitwidth of the pointer size as specified by the data layout of the LLVM module contained in the LLVM Dialect object. For example, on x86-64 CPUs it converts to !llvm.i64.

Vector Types

LLVM IR only supports one-dimensional vectors, unlike MLIR where vectors can be multi-dimensional. Vector types cannot be nested in either IR. In the one-dimensional case, MLIR vectors are converted to LLVM IR vectors of the same size with element type converted using these conversion rules. In the n-dimensional case, MLIR vectors are converted to (n-1)-dimensional array types of one-dimensional vectors.

For example, vector<4 x f32> converts to !llvm<"<4 x float>"> and vector<4 x 8 x 16 x f32> converts to !llvm<"[4 x [8 x <16 x float>]]">.

Memref Types

Memref types in MLIR have both static and dynamic information associated with them. The dynamic information comprises the buffer pointer as well as sizes and strides of any dynamically-sized dimensions. Memref types are normalized and converted to a descriptor that is only dependent on the rank of the memref. The descriptor contains:

  1. the pointer to the data buffer, followed by
  2. the pointer to properly aligned data payload that the memref indexes, followed by
  3. a lowered index-type integer containing the distance between the beginning of the buffer and the first element to be accessed through the memref, followed by
  4. an array containing as many index-type integers as the rank of the memref: the array represents the size, in number of elements, of the memref along the given dimension. For constant MemRef dimensions, the corresponding size entry is a constant whose runtime value must match the static value, followed by
  5. a second array containing as many 64-bit integers as the rank of the MemRef: the second array represents the “stride” (in tensor abstraction sense), i.e. the number of consecutive elements of the underlying buffer.

For constant memref dimensions, the corresponding size entry is a constant whose runtime value matches the static value. This normalization serves as an ABI for the memref type to interoperate with externally linked functions. In the particular case of rank 0 memrefs, the size and stride arrays are omitted, resulting in a struct containing two pointers + offset.

Examples:

memref<f32> -> !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64 }">
memref<1 x f32> -> !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [1 x i64], [1 x i64] }">
memref<? x f32> -> !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [1 x i64], [1 x i64] }">
memref<10x42x42x43x123 x f32> -> !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [5 x i64], [5 x i64] }">
memref<10x?x42x?x123 x f32> -> !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [5 x i64], [5 x i64]  }">

// Memref types can have vectors as element types
memref<1x? x vector<4xf32>> -> !llvm<"{ <4 x float>*, <4 x float>*, i64, [1 x i64], [1 x i64] }">

If the rank of the memref is unknown at compile time, the memref is converted to an unranked descriptor that contains:

  1. a 64-bit integer representing the dynamic rank of the memref, followed by
  2. a pointer to a ranked memref descriptor with the contents listed above.

Dynamic ranked memrefs should be used only to pass arguments to external library calls that expect a unified memref type. The called functions can parse any unranked memref descriptor by reading the rank and parsing the enclosed ranked descriptor pointer.

Examples:

// unranked descriptor
memref<*xf32> -> !llvm<"{i64, i8*}">

In function signatures, memref is passed as a pointer to the structured defined above to comply with the calling convention.

Example:

// A function type with memref as argument
(memref<?xf32>) -> ()
// is transformed into the LLVM function with pointer-to-structure argument.
!llvm<"void({ float*, float*, i64, [1 x i64], [1 x i64]}*) ">

Function Types

Function types get converted to LLVM function types. The arguments are converted individually according to these rules. The result types need to accommodate the fact that LLVM IR functions always have a return type, which may be a Void type. The converted function always has a single result type. If the original function type had no results, the converted function will have one result of the wrapped void type. If the original function type had one result, the converted function will also have one result converted using these rules. Otherwise, the result type will be a wrapped LLVM IR structure type where each element of the structure corresponds to one of the results of the original function, converted using these rules. In high-order functions, function-typed arguments and results are converted to a wrapped LLVM IR function pointer type (since LLVM IR does not allow passing functions to functions without indirection) with the pointee type converted using these rules.

Examples:

// zero-ary function type with no results.
() -> ()
// is converted to a zero-ary function with `void` result
!llvm<"void ()">

// unary function with one result
(i32) -> (i64)
// has its argument and result type converted, before creating the LLVM IR function type
!llvm<"i64 (i32)">

// binary function with one result
(i32, f32) -> (i64)
// has its arguments handled separately
!llvm<"i64 (i32, float)">

// binary function with two results
(i32, f32) -> (i64, f64)
// has its result aggregated into a structure type
!llvm<"{i64, double} (i32, f32)">

// function-typed arguments or results in higher-order functions
(() -> ()) -> (() -> ())
// are converted into pointers to functions
!llvm<"void ()* (void ()*)">

Calling Convention

Function Signature Conversion

LLVM IR functions are defined by a custom operation. The function itself has a wrapped LLVM IR function type converted as described above. The function definition operation uses MLIR syntax.

Examples:

// zero-ary function type with no results.
func @foo() -> ()
// gets LLVM type void().
llvm.func @foo() -> ()

// function with one result
func @bar(i32) -> (i64)
// gets converted to LLVM type i64(i32).
func @bar(!llvm.i32) -> !llvm.i64

// function with two results
func @qux(i32, f32) -> (i64, f64)
// has its result aggregated into a structure type
func @qux(!llvm.i32, !llvm.float) -> !llvm<"{i64, double}">

// function-typed arguments or results in higher-order functions
func @quux(() -> ()) -> (() -> ())
// are converted into pointers to functions
func @quux(!llvm<"void ()*">) -> !llvm<"void ()*">
// the call flow is handled by the LLVM dialect `call` operation supporting both
// direct and indirect calls

Result Packing

In case of multi-result functions, the returned values are inserted into a structure-typed value before being returned and extracted from it at the call site. This transformation is a part of the conversion and is transparent to the defines and uses of the values being returned.

Example:

func @foo(%arg0: i32, %arg1: i64) -> (i32, i64) {
  return %arg0, %arg1 : i32, i64
}
func @bar() {
  %0 = constant 42 : i32
  %1 = constant 17 : i64
  %2:2 = call @foo(%0, %1) : (i32, i64) -> (i32, i64)
  "use_i32"(%2#0) : (i32) -> ()
  "use_i64"(%2#1) : (i64) -> ()
}

// is transformed into

func @foo(%arg0: !llvm.i32, %arg1: !llvm.i64) -> !llvm<"{i32, i64}"> {
  // insert the vales into a structure
  %0 = llvm.mlir.undef :  !llvm<"{i32, i64}">
  %1 = llvm.insertvalue %arg0, %0[0] : !llvm<"{i32, i64}">
  %2 = llvm.insertvalue %arg1, %1[1] : !llvm<"{i32, i64}">

  // return the structure value
  llvm.return %2 : !llvm<"{i32, i64}">
}
func @bar() {
  %0 = llvm.mlir.constant(42 : i32) : !llvm.i32
  %1 = llvm.mlir.constant(17) : !llvm.i64

  // call and extract the values from the structure
  %2 = llvm.call @bar(%0, %1) : (%arg0: !llvm.i32, %arg1: !llvm.i32) -> !llvm<"{i32, i64}">
  %3 = llvm.extractvalue %2[0] : !llvm<"{i32, i64}">
  %4 = llvm.extractvalue %2[1] : !llvm<"{i32, i64}">

  // use as before
  "use_i32"(%3) : (!llvm.i32) -> ()
  "use_i64"(%4) : (!llvm.i64) -> ()
}

Calling Convention for memref

Function arguments of memref type, ranked or unranked, are expanded into a list of arguments of non-aggregate types that the memref descriptor defined above comprises. That is, the outer struct type and the inner array types are replaced with individual arguments.

This convention is implemented in the conversion of std.func and std.call to the LLVM dialect, with the former unpacking the descriptor into a set of individual values and the latter packing those values back into a descriptor so as to make it transparently usable by other operations. Conversions from other dialects should take this convention into account.

This specific convention is motivated by the necessity to specify alignment and aliasing attributes on the raw pointers underpinning the memref.

Examples:

func @foo(%arg0: memref<?xf32>) -> () {
  "use"(%arg0) : (memref<?xf32>) -> ()
  return
}

// Gets converted to the following.

llvm.func @foo(%arg0: !llvm<"float*">,   // Allocated pointer.
               %arg1: !llvm<"float*">,   // Aligned pointer.
               %arg2: !llvm.i64,         // Offset.
               %arg3: !llvm.i64,         // Size in dim 0.
               %arg4: !llvm.i64) {       // Stride in dim 0.
  // Populate memref descriptor structure.
  %0 = llvm.mlir.undef : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [1 x i64], [1 x i64] }">
  %1 = llvm.insertvalue %arg0, %0[0] : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [1 x i64], [1 x i64] }">
  %2 = llvm.insertvalue %arg1, %1[1] : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [1 x i64], [1 x i64] }">
  %3 = llvm.insertvalue %arg2, %2[2] : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [1 x i64], [1 x i64] }">
  %4 = llvm.insertvalue %arg3, %3[3, 0] : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [1 x i64], [1 x i64] }">
  %5 = llvm.insertvalue %arg4, %4[4, 0] : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [1 x i64], [1 x i64] }">

  // Descriptor is now usable as a single value.
  "use"(%5) : (!llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [1 x i64], [1 x i64] }">) -> ()
  llvm.return
}
func @bar() {
  %0 = "get"() : () -> (memref<?xf32>)
  call @foo(%0) : (memref<?xf32>) -> ()
  return
}

// Gets converted to the following.

llvm.func @bar() {
  %0 = "get"() : () -> !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [1 x i64], [1 x i64] }">

  // Unpack the memref descriptor.
  %1 = llvm.extractvalue %0[0] : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [1 x i64], [1 x i64] }">
  %2 = llvm.extractvalue %0[1] : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [1 x i64], [1 x i64] }">
  %3 = llvm.extractvalue %0[2] : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [1 x i64], [1 x i64] }">
  %4 = llvm.extractvalue %0[3, 0] : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [1 x i64], [1 x i64] }">
  %5 = llvm.extractvalue %0[4, 0] : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [1 x i64], [1 x i64] }">

  // Pass individual values to the callee.
  llvm.call @foo(%1, %2, %3, %4, %5) : (!llvm<"float*">, !llvm<"float*">, !llvm.i64, !llvm.i64, !llvm.i64) -> ()
  llvm.return
}

For unranked memrefs, the list of function arguments always contains two elements, same as the unranked memref descriptor: an integer rank, and a type-erased (!llvm<"i8*">) pointer to the ranked memref descriptor. Note that while the calling convention does not require stack allocation, casting to unranked memref does since one cannot take an address of an SSA value containing the ranked memref. The caller is in charge of ensuring the thread safety and eventually removing unnecessary stack allocations in cast operations.

Example

llvm.func @foo(%arg0: memref<*xf32>) -> () {
  "use"(%arg0) : (memref<*xf32>) -> ()
  return
}

// Gets converted to the following.

llvm.func @foo(%arg0: !llvm.i64       // Rank.
               %arg1: !llvm<"i8*">) { // Type-erased pointer to descriptor.
  // Pack the unranked memref descriptor.
  %0 = llvm.mlir.undef : !llvm<"{ i64, i8* }">
  %1 = llvm.insertvalue %arg0, %0[0] : !llvm<"{ i64, i8* }">
  %2 = llvm.insertvalue %arg1, %1[1] : !llvm<"{ i64, i8* }">

  "use"(%2) : (!llvm<"{ i64, i8* }">) -> ()
  llvm.return
}
llvm.func @bar() {
  %0 = "get"() : () -> (memref<*xf32>)
  call @foo(%0): (memref<*xf32>) -> ()
  return
}

// Gets converted to the following.

llvm.func @bar() {
  %0 = "get"() : () -> (!llvm<"{ i64, i8* }">)

  // Unpack the memref descriptor.
  %1 = llvm.extractvalue %0[0] : !llvm<"{ i64, i8* }">
  %2 = llvm.extractvalue %0[1] : !llvm<"{ i64, i8* }">

  // Pass individual values to the callee.
  llvm.call @foo(%1, %2) : (!llvm.i64, !llvm<"i8*">)
  llvm.return
}

This convention may or may not apply if the conversion of MemRef types is overridden by the user.

C-compatible wrapper emission

In practical cases, it may be desirable to have externally-facing functions with a single attribute corresponding to a MemRef argument. When interfacing with LLVM IR produced from C, the code needs to respect the corresponding calling convention. The conversion to the LLVM dialect provides an option to generate wrapper functions that take memref descriptors as pointers-to-struct compatible with data types produced by Clang when compiling C sources. The generation of such wrapper functions can additionally be controlled at a function granularity by setting the llvm.emit_c_interface unit attribute.

More specifically, a memref argument is converted into a pointer-to-struct argument of type {T*, T*, i64, i64[N], i64[N]}* in the wrapper function, where T is the converted element type and N is the memref rank. This type is compatible with that produced by Clang for the following C++ structure template instantiations or their equivalents in C.

template<typename T, size_t N>
struct MemRefDescriptor {
  T *allocated;
  T *aligned;
  intptr_t offset;
  intptr_t sizes[N];
  intptr_t strides[N];
};

If enabled, the option will do the following. For external functions declared in the MLIR module.

  1. Declare a new function _mlir_ciface_<original name> where memref arguments are converted to pointer-to-struct and the remaining arguments are converted as usual.
  2. Add a body to the original function (making it non-external) that
    1. allocates a memref descriptor,
    2. populates it, and
    3. passes the pointer to it into the newly declared interface function, then
    4. collects the result of the call and returns it to the caller.

For (non-external) functions defined in the MLIR module.

  1. Define a new function _mlir_ciface_<original name> where memref arguments are converted to pointer-to-struct and the remaining arguments are converted as usual.
  2. Populate the body of the newly defined function with IR that
    1. loads descriptors from pointers;
    2. unpacks descriptor into individual non-aggregate values;
    3. passes these values into the original function;
    4. collects the result of the call and returns it to the caller.

Examples:


func @qux(%arg0: memref<?x?xf32>)

// Gets converted into the following.

// Function with unpacked arguments.
llvm.func @qux(%arg0: !llvm<"float*">, %arg1: !llvm<"float*">, %arg2: !llvm.i64,
               %arg3: !llvm.i64, %arg4: !llvm.i64, %arg5: !llvm.i64,
               %arg6: !llvm.i64) {
  // Populate memref descriptor (as per calling convention).
  %0 = llvm.mlir.undef : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [2 x i64], [2 x i64] }">
  %1 = llvm.insertvalue %arg0, %0[0] : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [2 x i64], [2 x i64] }">
  %2 = llvm.insertvalue %arg1, %1[1] : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [2 x i64], [2 x i64] }">
  %3 = llvm.insertvalue %arg2, %2[2] : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [2 x i64], [2 x i64] }">
  %4 = llvm.insertvalue %arg3, %3[3, 0] : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [2 x i64], [2 x i64] }">
  %5 = llvm.insertvalue %arg5, %4[4, 0] : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [2 x i64], [2 x i64] }">
  %6 = llvm.insertvalue %arg4, %5[3, 1] : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [2 x i64], [2 x i64] }">
  %7 = llvm.insertvalue %arg6, %6[4, 1] : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [2 x i64], [2 x i64] }">

  // Store the descriptor in a stack-allocated space.
  %8 = llvm.mlir.constant(1 : index) : !llvm.i64
  %9 = llvm.alloca %8 x !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [2 x i64], [2 x i64] }">
                 : (!llvm.i64) -> !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [2 x i64], [2 x i64] }*">
  llvm.store %7, %9 : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [2 x i64], [2 x i64] }*">

  // Call the interface function.
  llvm.call @_mlir_ciface_qux(%9) : (!llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [2 x i64], [2 x i64] }*">) -> ()

  // The stored descriptor will be freed on return.
  llvm.return
}

// Interface function.
llvm.func @_mlir_ciface_qux(!llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [2 x i64], [2 x i64] }*">)
func @foo(%arg0: memref<?x?xf32>) {
  return
}

// Gets converted into the following.

// Function with unpacked arguments.
llvm.func @foo(%arg0: !llvm<"float*">, %arg1: !llvm<"float*">, %arg2: !llvm.i64,
               %arg3: !llvm.i64, %arg4: !llvm.i64, %arg5: !llvm.i64,
               %arg6: !llvm.i64) {
  llvm.return
}

// Interface function callable from C.
llvm.func @_mlir_ciface_foo(%arg0: !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [2 x i64], [2 x i64] }*">) {
  // Load the descriptor.
  %0 = llvm.load %arg0 : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [2 x i64], [2 x i64] }*">

  // Unpack the descriptor as per calling convention.
  %1 = llvm.extractvalue %0[0] : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [2 x i64], [2 x i64] }">
  %2 = llvm.extractvalue %0[1] : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [2 x i64], [2 x i64] }">
  %3 = llvm.extractvalue %0[2] : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [2 x i64], [2 x i64] }">
  %4 = llvm.extractvalue %0[3, 0] : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [2 x i64], [2 x i64] }">
  %5 = llvm.extractvalue %0[3, 1] : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [2 x i64], [2 x i64] }">
  %6 = llvm.extractvalue %0[4, 0] : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [2 x i64], [2 x i64] }">
  %7 = llvm.extractvalue %0[4, 1] : !llvm<"{ float*, float*, i64, [2 x i64], [2 x i64] }">
  llvm.call @foo(%1, %2, %3, %4, %5, %6, %7)
    : (!llvm<"float*">, !llvm<"float*">, !llvm.i64, !llvm.i64, !llvm.i64,
       !llvm.i64, !llvm.i64) -> ()
  llvm.return
}

Rationale: Introducing auxiliary functions for C-compatible interfaces is preferred to modifying the calling convention since it will minimize the effect of C compatibility on intra-module calls or calls between MLIR-generated functions. In particular, when calling external functions from an MLIR module in a (parallel) loop, the fact of storing a memref descriptor on stack can lead to stack exhaustion and/or concurrent access to the same address. Auxiliary interface function serves as an allocation scope in this case. Furthermore, when targeting accelerators with separate memory spaces such as GPUs, stack-allocated descriptors passed by pointer would have to be transferred to the device memory, which introduces significant overhead. In such situations, auxiliary interface functions are executed on host and only pass the values through device function invocation mechanism.

Repeated Successor Removal

Since the goal of the LLVM IR dialect is to reflect LLVM IR in MLIR, the dialect and the conversion procedure must account for the differences between block arguments and LLVM IR PHI nodes. In particular, LLVM IR disallows PHI nodes with different values coming from the same source. Therefore, the LLVM IR dialect disallows operations that have identical successors accepting arguments, which would lead to invalid PHI nodes. The conversion process resolves the potential PHI source ambiguity by injecting dummy blocks if the same block is used more than once as a successor in an instruction. These dummy blocks branch unconditionally to the original successors, pass them the original operands (available in the dummy block because it is dominated by the original block) and are used instead of them in the original terminator operation.

Example:

  cond_br %0, ^bb1(%1 : i32), ^bb1(%2 : i32)
^bb1(%3 : i32)
  "use"(%3) : (i32) -> ()

leads to a new basic block being inserted,

  cond_br %0, ^bb1(%1 : i32), ^dummy
^bb1(%3 : i32):
  "use"(%3) : (i32) -> ()
^dummy:
  br ^bb1(%4 : i32)

before the conversion to the LLVM IR dialect:

  llvm.cond_br  %0, ^bb1(%1 : !llvm.i32), ^dummy
^bb1(%3 : !llvm<"i32">):
  "use"(%3) : (!llvm.i32) -> ()
^dummy:
  llvm.br ^bb1(%2 : !llvm.i32)

Default Memref Model

Memref Descriptor

Within a converted function, a memref-typed value is represented by a memref descriptor, the type of which is the structure type obtained by converting from the memref type. This descriptor holds all the necessary information to produce an address of a specific element. In particular, it holds dynamic values for static sizes, and they are expected to match at all times.

It is created by the allocation operation and is updated by the conversion operations that may change static dimensions into dynamic dimensions and vice versa.

Note: LLVM IR conversion does not support memrefs with layouts that are not amenable to the strided form.

Index Linearization

Accesses to a memref element are transformed into an access to an element of the buffer pointed to by the descriptor. The position of the element in the buffer is calculated by linearizing memref indices in row-major order (lexically first index is the slowest varying, similar to C, but accounting for strides). The computation of the linear address is emitted as arithmetic operation in the LLVM IR dialect. Strides are extracted from the memref descriptor.

Accesses to zero-dimensional memref (that are interpreted as pointers to the elemental type) are directly converted into llvm.load or llvm.store without any pointer manipulations.

Examples:

An access to a zero-dimensional memref is converted into a plain load:

// before
%0 = load %m[] : memref<f32>

// after
%0 = llvm.load %m : !llvm<"float*">

An access to a memref with indices:

%0 = load %m[1,2,3,4] : memref<10x?x13x?xf32>

is transformed into the equivalent of the following code:

// Compute the linearized index from strides. Each block below extracts one
// stride from the descriptor, multiplies it with the index and accumulates
// the total offset.
%stride1 = llvm.extractvalue[4, 0] : !llvm<"{float*, float*, i64, i64[4], i64[4]}">
%idx1 = llvm.mlir.constant(1 : index) !llvm.i64
%addr1 = muli %stride1, %idx1 : !llvm.i64

%stride2 = llvm.extractvalue[4, 1] : !llvm<"{float*, float*, i64, i64[4], i64[4]}">
%idx2 = llvm.mlir.constant(2 : index) !llvm.i64
%addr2 = muli %stride2, %idx2 : !llvm.i64
%addr3 = addi %addr1, %addr2 : !llvm.i64

%stride3 = llvm.extractvalue[4, 2] : !llvm<"{float*, float*, i64, i64[4], i64[4]}">
%idx3 = llvm.mlir.constant(3 : index) !llvm.i64
%addr4 = muli %stride3, %idx3 : !llvm.i64
%addr5 = addi %addr3, %addr4 : !llvm.i64

%stride4 = llvm.extractvalue[4, 3] : !llvm<"{float*, float*, i64, i64[4], i64[4]}">
%idx4 = llvm.mlir.constant(4 : index) !llvm.i64
%addr6 = muli %stride4, %idx4 : !llvm.i64
%addr7 = addi %addr5, %addr6 : !llvm.i64

// Add the linear offset to the address.
%offset = llvm.extractvalue[2] : !llvm<"{float*, float*, i64, i64[4], i64[4]}">
%addr8 = addi %addr7, %offset : !llvm.i64

// Obtain the aligned pointer.
%aligned = llvm.extractvalue[1] : !llvm<"{float*, float*, i64, i64[4], i64[4]}">

// Get the address of the data pointer.
%ptr = llvm.getelementptr %aligned[%addr8]
    : !llvm<"{float*, float*, i64, i64[4], i64[4]}"> -> !llvm<"float*">

// Perform the actual load.
%0 = llvm.load %ptr : !llvm<"float*">

For stores, the address computation code is identical and only the actual store operation is different.

Note: the conversion does not perform any sort of common subexpression elimination when emitting memref accesses.